Aquaculture has emerged as a solution to meet the growing food needs of humanity, but its approach needed to change. This article explores how shrimp farming, a star product from the seas, has evolved from traditional techniques to more sustainable and environmentally friendly systems.
Traditional Shrimp Aquaculture Systems
Before delving into innovations, it is crucial to understand traditional shrimp aquaculture systems. These systems required a constant flow of clean water, resulting in the continuous discharge of contaminated water into the sea. Furthermore, these methods, known as “low density,” faced challenges in disease control and could only operate in tropical climates.
The Shift Towards Sustainability
The quest for an alternative led to the development of the Biofloc System, revolutionizing aquaculture. This technology allows for maintaining pond water in optimal conditions through microbial community and water recirculation, drastically reducing the need for frequent changes. These systems operate in smaller, high-density ponds, making disease control easier and enabling production in various climates.
The Future of Shrimp Production
With these advancements, shrimp production is no longer limited to tropical coasts and has become a sustainable and profitable option in different regions of the world. The evolution of aquaculture promises a consistent supply of fresh, high-quality products throughout the year.